Personality Disorders

What are Personality Disorders?

The essential manifestation of a personality disorder is an enduring pattern of behaviors and internal experiences that deviates markedly from what is culturally expected of the individual and that goes beyond what is usual for most people. This pattern manifests itself as a general rule at different levels: cognitive (ways of perceiving or interpreting situations and their own and/or others' reactions), affective (intensity, lability and adequacy of the emotional response), relational, impulse control, etc. The form of abnormal behavior of these people is long lasting and of long evolution, not limited to specific episodes of long illness. Therefore, it cannot be interpreted as a manifestation or consequence of another mental disorder and is not due to the direct physiological effect of a substance (drugs of abuse, medication, or exposure to toxic substances) or to a general medical condition.

PersonalityPeople who suffer from a personality disorder generally present marked affective and behavioral instability, which alters and disturbs various areas of their lives, both at the work, affective and relational level, not only for the patient himself but also for the people who care for him. surround. In addition, other reactive associated complications may coexist, such as mood disorders, eating disorders, drug addiction, etc. that aggravate the problem. We could therefore say that people who suffer from a personality disorder can frequently present a series of behaviors that greatly limit their emotional balance.

Types of personality disorder

It is characterized by a difficulty in establishing social relationships, absence of warm and tender feelings, indifference to approval or criticism. These types of people have a cold and distant character, being indifferent to both praise and criticism. Consequently, they have few friends (generally very close relatives) and opt for activities or jobs that do not involve contact with other people. However, people with this disorder tend to be able to function in their daily lives, but do not develop meaningful relationships with others, as they neither desire nor enjoy establishing them.
Continuous and chronic antisocial behavior, in which the rights of others are violated. It usually presents before the age of 15 and persists into adulthood. The main characteristic of this type of disorder is irresponsibility and the violation of social norms, being able to manifest aggressiveness or irritability. They are people who act for the desires of the present moment, without taking into account the subsequent consequences. They may repeatedly lie or defraud others for personal gain or pleasure, manifesting a clear indifference to such harm.

FAQs - Questions and answers

Although we treat any other type of personality disorder, given the higher prevalence and severity of borderline disorder, at our center we have professionals specialized in this problem.

We combine psychiatric medical help and psychotherapy along with healthy lifestyle activities aimed at seeking emotional stability.
If you are interested in receiving information about our treatments and therapies for any type of disorder, please contact us by completing the form and we will provide you with all the necessary information from one of our psychiatrists.

As we have previously pointed out, the central nucleus of this disorder is characterized by marked instability at different levels: mainly in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affectivity. This instability is usually reflected in the following symptoms:

  • Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
  • A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation (for example, at a certain moment the person may extol the virtues of an acquaintance or friend, and later, after a while, give an opinion totally the opposite of that same person).
  • Identity disturbance: continually unstable self-image or sense of self.
  • Potentially self-harming impulsivity (through spending, promiscuous behavior, substance abuse,


Do you need more information about this type of disorder? Send us the following form and we will contact you.