What are Personality Disorders?
The essential manifestation of a personality disorder is an enduring pattern of behaviors and internal experiences that deviates markedly from what is culturally expected of the individual and that goes beyond what is usual for most people. This pattern manifests itself as a general rule at different levels: cognitive (ways of perceiving or interpreting situations and their own and/or others' reactions), affective (intensity, lability and adequacy of the emotional response), relational, impulse control, etc. The form of abnormal behavior of these people is long lasting and of long evolution, not limited to specific episodes of long illness. Therefore, it cannot be interpreted as a manifestation or consequence of another mental disorder and is not due to the direct physiological effect of a substance (drugs of abuse, medication, or exposure to toxic substances) or to a general medical condition.
People who suffer from a personality disorder generally present marked affective and behavioral instability, which alters and disturbs various areas of their lives, both at the work, affective and relational level, not only for the patient himself but also for the people who care for him. surround. In addition, other reactive associated complications may coexist, such as mood disorders, eating disorders, drug addiction, etc. that aggravate the problem. We could therefore say that people who suffer from a personality disorder can frequently present a series of behaviors that greatly limit their emotional balance.
Types of personality disorder
Similar al anterior trastorno descrito (trastorno esquizoide), éste se caracteriza además por anormalidades de la percepción, pensamiento, del lenguaje y de la conducta; que no llega a reunir los criterios para la esquizofrenia. Suelen, por ejemplo, mantener creencias raras o pensamiento mágico (supersticiones, creer en la telepatía…) que influyen en su comportamiento. Pueden tener además un lenguaje raro (vago, circunstancial…) así como una apariencia extraña o excéntrica.
His pattern of behavior is characterized by having a theatrical, reactive and intensely expressed conduct, with interpersonal relationships marked by superficiality, egocentrism, hypocrisy and manipulation. They are easily suggestible people, who maintain excessive emotionality and continually demand the attention of others. When they don't, they feel uncomfortable and unappreciated. This attitude translates into excessive care in their appearance. They make friends easily, often considering their relationships closer than they really are. Interaction with others is often characterized by sexually seductive or provocative behavior.
FAQs - Questions and answers
Although we treat any other type of personality disorder, given the higher prevalence and severity of borderline disorder, at our center we have professionals specialized in this problem.
We combine psychiatric medical help and psychotherapy along with healthy lifestyle activities aimed at seeking emotional stability.
If you are interested in receiving information about our treatments and therapies for any type of disorder, please contact us by completing the form and we will provide you with all the necessary information from one of our psychiatrists.
As we have previously pointed out, the central nucleus of this disorder is characterized by marked instability at different levels: mainly in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affectivity. This instability is usually reflected in the following symptoms:
- Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
- A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation (for example, at a certain moment the person may extol the virtues of an acquaintance or friend, and later, after a while, give an opinion totally the opposite of that same person).
- Identity disturbance: continually unstable self-image or sense of self.
- Potentially self-harming impulsivity (through spending, promiscuous behavior, substance abuse,